If you often wonder why I have acne, friend here I tell you the main causes, you suffer from acne. The most traumatizing thing about having acne is how unattractive it makes us feel. Acne is a condition of the skin that causes spots and grains, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest and arms.
Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disease resulting in pimples, cysts and nodules. It is not dangerous, but it can leave scars on the skin.
Human skin has pores that connect the oil glands under the skin. The follicles connect the glands to the pores. The follicles are small sacks that produce and secrete liquid.
The glands produce an oily liquid called tallow. Tallow carries the dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin.
It is commonly produced during puberty when the sebaceous glands are activated, but it can occur at any age. The glands produce oil and are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both males and females.
WHY DO I HAVE ACNE IF I AM AN ADULT PERSON?
A number of factors trigger acne, but the main cause for which you have acne is thought to be an increase in androgen levels. Androgen is a type of hormone, whose levels rise when adolescence begins. In women, it becomes estrogen.
Increased androgen levels make the sebaceous glands under the skin grow. The enlarged gland produces more tallow. Excess sebum can break down cell walls in the pores, causing bacteria to grow.
- Acne is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of the hair follicles.
- It affects 3 out of 4 people from 11 to 30 years.
- It is not dangerous, but it can leave scars on the skin.
- Treatment depends on how severe and persistent it is.
- Risk factors include genetics, menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, use of oil-based makeup and pimples.
- Some medicines that contain androgens and lithium.
- Hormonal changes.
- Emotional stress.
TYPES OF ACNE
Acne grains vary in size, color, and pain level. The following types are possible:
- White heads: These remain under the skin and are small.
- Black dots: Clearly visible, are black and appear on the surface of the skin.
- Papules: Small, usually pink bumps, which are visible on the surface of the skin.
- Pustules: They are visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top.
- Nonbules: They are clearly displayed on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid, painful shins that are deeply embedded in the skin.
- Cysts: They are observable on the surface of the skin. They’re painful and full of pus. Cysts can cause scarring.
Treatment depends on the severity and persistence of acne.
- Mild acne: Mild acne can be treated with natural medicines such as gels, soaps, pads, creams and lotions, which apply to the skin. Creams and lotions are the best for sensitive skin. Alcohol-based gels dry the skin and are better for oily skin.
- Resorcinol: Helps to break down pimples and pimples.
- Benzoyl peroxide: Kills the bacteria, accelerates the replacement of the skin and slows down the production of tallow.
- Salicylic acid: Helps decompose blackheads and white spots and helps reduce inflammation and inflammation.
- Sulfur: Exactly how this works is unknown.
- Retin-A: Helps unlock pores through cell renewal.
It is advisable to start with the lowest forces, as some preparations may cause skin irritation, redness or burning in the first use. These side effects usually disappear after continuous use. If not, consult a doctor.
- Moderate to severe acne: a skin specialist, or dermatologist, can treat more serious cases. They may prescribe a gel or cream similar to mild, but stronger acne medications or an oral or topical antibiotic.
- Corticosteroid injection: If an acne cyst becomes severely inflamed, it may rupture. This can lead to scarring. A specialist may treat an inflamed cyst by injecting a diluted corticosteroid. This can help prevent scarring, reduce inflammation, and accelerate healing. The cyst breaks down in a few days.
- Oral antibiotics: Oral antibiotics may be prescribed up to 6 months for patients with moderate to severe acne. These aim to reduce the population of acne. The dose will start high and decrease as acne clears.
However, acne may become somewhat resistant to the antibiotic over time, and another antibiotic is needed. Likewise, acne also becomes resistant to topical antibiotics rather than oral antibiotics. Antibiotics can fight the growth of bacteria and reduce inflammation. Erythromycin and tetracycline are commonly prescribed for acne.
- Oral contraceptives: Oral contraceptives can help control acne in women by suppressing the hyperactive gland. They are commonly used as long-term acne treatments.
- Topical antimicrobials: Topical antimicrobials are also aimed at reducing them in patients with moderate to severe acne. Clindamycin and sulfacetamide sodium are examples.
The dermatologist may prescribe a topical retinoid. Topical retinoids are a derivative of vitamin A. They unclog the pores and prevent them.
- Isotretinoin: This is a strong, oral retinoid, used for the treatment of severe cystic acne and severe acne that has not responded to other medications and treatments. It is a strictly controlled medication with potentially serious side effects. The patient must sign a consent form to say that they understand the risks.
RECOMMENDATIONS TO AVOID OR ELIMINATE THE ANNOYING ACNE
Here are some tips for skin care that has acne or is prone to it.
- Wash your face no more than 2 times a day with warm water and mild soap made especially for acne.
- Do not rub the skin or explode the pimples, as this may push the infection down, causing more blockage, swelling and redness.
- Avoid popping pimples as this makes the scars more likely.
- A specialist can treat a grain that requires rapid disposal for aesthetic reasons.
- Refrain from touching the face.
- Keep the phone away from the face when talking, as it is likely to contain sebum and skin residues.
- Wash your hands frequently, especially before applying lotions, creams, or make-up.
- Regularly clean the goggles while collecting sebum and skin residues.
- If acne is on your back, shoulders, or chest, try to wear loose clothing to make your skin breathe. Avoid tight garments, such as headbands, caps and scarves, or wash regularly if worn.
- Choose makeup for sensitive skins and avoid oil-based products. Remove your makeup before you go to sleep.
- Keep your hair clean as it collects sebum and skin residue. Avoid greasy hair products, such as those containing cocoa butter.
- Avoid excessive exposure to the sun as it may cause the skin to produce more sebum. Several medications for acne increase the risk of sunburn.
- Use an electric shaver or razor sharp razors when shaving. Soften the skin and beard with warm water and soap before applying the shaving cream.
- Avoid anxiety and stress as it can increase the production of cortisol and adrenaline, which aggravate acne.
- Try to stay cool and dry in hot, humid climates to avoid sweating.
Acne is a common problem. It can cause a great shame, but the treatment is available and is effective in many cases, I hope you have served these tips if you were looking for I have acne if I am adult.