Mothers suffering from postpartum depression usually have feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, and fatigue. Know the options for your treatment
Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that can affect women after giving birth. It can be moderate to intense, and it is a result of a combination of physical and emotional factors.
Mothers suffering from postpartum depression usually have feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, and fatigue. This emotional and physical state makes it difficult to perform the daily tasks of caring for the newborn and themselves.
What causes postpartum depression?
When women give birth, estrogen and progesterone levels go down quickly. These abrupt alterations of hormonal levels may cause mood swings. In addition, many women cannot rest long enough to be able to fully recover from childbirth.
The constant lack of sleep and rest can lead to physical discomfort and exhaustion. Both factors may contribute to the onset of postpartum depression.
What are the symptoms of postpartum depression?
Postpartum depression occurs in almost 15 percent of births. Although, it may start a little earlier, the most common thing is after the baby is born. But it usually starts between a week and a month after childbirth.
The most common symptoms that can be experienced include the following:
- Sadness and crying more often than usual or for no apparent reason.
- Anxiety and irritation.
- Sleeping too much or not being able to sleep, even when the baby sleeps.
- Lack of concentration and loss of interest in activities that were pleasant.
- Eating too much or too little.
- Isolate yourself from friends and family.
- Have trouble creating an emotional bond with the baby. As well as doubting the ability to care for her.
Since symptoms may vary from woman to female, the doctor may determine whether they are due to postpartum depression or some other factor.
Are there any risk factors for postpartum depression?
Postpartum depression can affect any woman regardless of age, race or economic situation. However, some women may have a higher risk of postpartum depression.
There may be a higher risk of postpartum depression in women who have one or more of the following risk factors:
- Symptoms of depression during or after a previous pregnancy
- A history of depression or bipolar disorder at another stage in your life As well as a family history of depression or other mental illnesses.
- Suffer stressful situations during pregnancy or shortly after giving birth. Such as the existence of medical complications during childbirth such as preterm birth or the baby being born with health problems.
- Lack of emotional support from your husband, partner, family, or friends.
To overcome a postpartum depression, a pharmacological treatment, psychotherapy, or both pathways may be used. It will be the Doctor Who values the best in each case.
Among the treatments to be chosen are:
The sessions with the specialist can be of two types. Both types of psychotherapy have been shown to be particularly effective in the treatment of postpartum depression:
- Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (CBT): It helps people to recognize and change their negative thoughts and behaviors.
- Interpersonal therapy (TIP): that helps people understand and coexist with problematic personal relationships.
Antidepressant Drugs Act on the chemicals in the brain that are involved in mood regulation.
This type of medication is generally considered safe to use during breastfeeding. However, the specialist should assess the risks and benefits that these drugs involve for both the mother and her baby.
In addition to treatments, family support and the environment as well as their own attitude, they are also very important to overcome a postpartum depression.
There are other measures that can help overcome postpartum depression:
- Sleeping long enough: it is very important for physical and psychic health. It is necessary to try to reconcile the dream of the mother and the baby, so that when the child rests, the mother can also rest and recover.
- Have free time: As far as possible, you have to try to have a leisure time to be alone, with the couple, or with friends.
Without treatment, postpartum depression can last for months or years. In addition to affecting the mother’s health, it can interfere with her ability to relate and take care of her baby.