Hi friends, I’m sure you’ve wondered because I always have conjunctivitis. Rest assured that here we will tell you everything related to this disease that directly affects our eyes.
You may know of conjunctivitis from eye infection, such as conjunctivitis, it is very common in young children because it is usually contagious, it can affect children in school in preschool age. But even teens and adults can have conjunctivitis.
The good news is that conjunctivitis is a mild infection and, while it could look bad, it’s usually not serious.
WHY I ALWAYS HAVE CONJUNTIVITIS
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, white part of the eye and the inner eyelids. The condition can be infectious (it can spread to other people) or non-infectious.
When people talk about conjunctivitis, they usually refer to the infectious type. It is often caused by the same bacteria and viruses responsible for colds and other infections, including ear infections, sinusitis and sore throat.
SYMPTOMS OF CONJUNTIVITIS
The very pink or red coloration that gives the infection its nickname is a revealing sign of conjunctivitis. It’s also normal to have discomfort in your eye that may sting or feel sandy. Often, there is some discharge from the eye, and pain and swelling of the conjunctiva. Conjunctivitis can affect one or both eyes.
It can be difficult to determine if the infection is caused by a virus or bacteria. In general, the flow associated with viral conjunctivitis is aqueous, while it will be thicker and more pus-like when the infection is caused by bacteria.
When you get up in the morning, your eyelids may be glued (don’t be alarmed, however, cleaning your eyes with a warm cloth will loosen dry scabs). Itching and tearing are common with allergic conjunctivitis.
- Itching or burning in the eyes.
- More tears than usual. The eye may drain a light or slightly thick, whitish liquid.
- Grey or yellow drainage of the eye. Waking up with the eyelashes of one or both eyes joined by this dry drainage is a common symptom of conjunctivitis.
- Slight sensitivity to light (photophobia).
You may have symptoms in one eye, or in both eyes, symptoms can spread from one eye to the other. When conjunctivitis is caused by a virus, symptoms usually begin in one eye and can then spread to the other eye.
If you think you have conjunctivitis, call your doctor to find out how best to treat it. And if you wear contact lenses, be sure to remove them immediately. Certain health risks can increase the severity of your symptoms.
If you have other symptoms such as eye pain or a change in vision, if you wear contact lenses, or if you have other medical problems, you may have a more serious eye problem.
In these cases, it is especially important to see a doctor. Young children with conjunctivitis may also have an ear infection, so they may need to see a doctor.
CAUSES OF CONJUNTIVITIS
It is also considered possible that the same types of bacteria that generate this type of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), chlamydia and gonorrhea are considered to cause conjunctivitis. If someone touches an infected person’s genitals and then rubs their eye or touches a contact lens, the infection can spread to the eyes.
Some types of conjunctivitis are not infectious, such as:
- Allergic conjunctivitis, caused by an allergic reaction.
- Irritating conjunctivitis, caused by anything that irritates the eyes, such as air pollution or chlorine in pools.
TREATMENT FOR CONJUNTIVITIS
Because it can be difficult to determine what type of conjunctivitis a person has, it’s a good idea to see a doctor if their eyes are red and irritated.
Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually treated with prescription antibiotic drops or ointments. Drops, the most commonly prescribed form of treatment for adolescents, are used up to four times a day.
They do not hurt, although they may cause a brief stinging sensation. Even if your eyes sit and look better after a couple of days, it’s important to use the drops for as long as your doctor has prescribed. The infection may recur if it stops too soon.
If a virus is causing conjunctivitis, antibiotic drops won’t help. The infection of the eye will improve on its own as the body fights the virus. If you have allergic conjunctivitis, your doctor may prescribe eye drops or anti-allergy medications in pill form.
If your doctor thinks conjunctivitis is caused by bacteria, you may prescribe antibiotic eye drops or an ointment to kill the bacteria. See an image of how to apply eye drops camera.gif or eye ointment camera.gif. With antibiotic treatment, symptoms usually go away within 2 to 3 days.
But antibiotics only work for bacterial conjunctivitis, not for the most common viral conjunctivitis. Viral conjunctivitis often goes away on its own in 7 to 10 days. If your symptoms last longer, call your doctor.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CONJUNTIVITIS
Because infectious conjunctivitis is highly contagious, wash your hands after interacting with anyone who has the infection. Do not share potentially infected items, such as cloths, towels, gauze, or cotton balls. This can be difficult among family members, so do your best.
If you have conjunctivitis, it is important to wash your hands frequently, especially after touching your eyes. The infection can easily spread from one eye to another in contaminated hands or tissues.
It is also wise not to share cosmetics, especially eye makeup. Bacteria can spend time on beauty products, so avoid using the testers on makeup counters directly in your eyes.
And if you’ve already had a conjunctivitis attack, discard all makeup from your eyes and waste new things (but don’t start using your new products until the infection completely disappears).
If you wear contact lenses and have conjunctivitis, your doctor or eye doctor may recommend that you do not wear contact lenses while infected. Once the infection disappears, clean the lenses carefully. Be sure to disinfect the lenses and housing at least twice before using them again. If you wear disposable contact lenses, discard your current partner and use a new pair.
If you know you are prone to allergic conjunctivitis, limit allergy triggers at home by keeping windows and doors closed on days when pollen is heavy and by not letting dust build up. Irritating conjunctivitis can only be prevented by avoiding irritating causes.
Placing cold or warm packets or cloths over the infected eye (or eyes) can help. You can also take acetaminophen, if necessary. Clean the infected eye carefully with warm water and clean, fresh gauze or cotton balls.
Keep track of your symptoms, keep your hands clean, visit your doctor as needed, and carefully follow your treatment instructions. In a week, your eyes should feel better.