Hello friends, we know that headaches are very disturbing but suffering from migraines is much more irritable, that is why in this post we want to inform you of this symptom that so overwhelms us. Keep reading this post about Why I have a migraine.
A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a throbbing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
Migraine attacks can cause significant pain for hours or days, they can be so severe that the pain is disabling. Warning symptoms known as aura can occur before or with headache. These may include flashes of light, blind spots, or tingling on one side of your face or on your arm or leg.
BECAUSE I HAVE MIGRAINE
Although many people use the term “migraine” to describe any severe headache, a migraine is the result of specific physiological changes that occur within the brain and lead to characteristic pain, the associated symptoms of a migraine.
Migraine headaches are usually associated with sensitivity to sound, light, and odors. Some people have symptoms of nausea or vomiting. This type of pain often involves only one side of the head, but in some cases, patients may experience bilateral or both side pain. Migraine pain is often described as palpitations or bumps and can get worse with physical exertion.
Medications can help prevent some migraines, make them less painful. Talk to your doctor about different migraine treatment options if you can’t find relief. The right medications, combined with self-help remedies and lifestyle changes, can help.
Migraines often begin in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood. These can progress through 4 stages: prodrome, aura, headache and post-drome, although you may not experience all the stages.
1 or 2 days before a migraine, you may notice subtle changes that warn of an upcoming migraine, including:
- Mood swings, from depression to euphoria.
- Food cravings.
- Stiffness in the neck.
- Increased thirst and urination.
- Frequent yawns.
The aura can occur before or during migraines. Most people experience migraines without aura. Auras are symptoms of the nervous system, usually visual disorders, such as flashes of light or wavy, zigzag vision.
Sometimes the auras may also be in contact with sensations (sensory), movement (motor) or speech (verbal). Your muscles may weaken, or you may feel someone touching you.
Each of these symptoms usually begins gradually, builds up for several minutes, and lasts 20 to 60 minutes. Examples of migraine aura include:
- Visual phenomena, such as viewing various shapes, bright spots, or flashes of light.
- Loss of vision.
- Feelings of pins and needles in an arm or leg.
- Weakness or numbness in the face or side of the body.
- Difficulty speaking.
- Listen to noises or music.
- Uncontrollable movements or other movements.
Sometimes a migraine with an aura may be associated with weakness of the limbs (hemiplegic migraine).
A migraine usually lasts four to 72 hours if left untreated. How often headaches occur varies from person to person. Migraines can be rare or attack several times a month.
During a migraine, you may experience:
- Pain on one side or on both sides of your head.
- Pain that feels throbbing.
- Sensitivity to light, sounds and sometimes smells, touch.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Blurred vision.
- Fading, sometimes followed by fainting.
The final phase, known as post-drome, occurs after a migraine attack. It may feel drained and washed, while some people feel euphoric. For approximately 24 hours, you may also experience:
- Sensitivity to light and sound.
Although the causes of migraine are not understood, genetics and environmental factors seem to play a role. Migraines can be caused by changes in the brainstem and its interactions with the trigeminal nerve, a main pathway of pain.
Imbalances in brain chemicals, including serotonin, which helps regulate pain in the nervous system, may also be involved. Researchers are still studying the role of Serotonin in migraines.
Serotonin levels decrease during migraine attacks, this can cause the trigeminal nerve to release substances called neuropeptides, which travel to the outer cover of your brain (meninges). The result is migraine pain. Other neurotransmitters play a role in migraine pain, including the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP).
HORMONAL CHANGES IN WOMEN
Fluctuations in estrogen seem to trigger headaches in many women. Women with a history of migraines often report headaches immediately before or during their periods, when they have a significant estrogen drop.
Mature cheeses, salty foods, and processed foods can trigger migraines. Skipping meals or fasting can also trigger attacks.
Aspartame sweetener and conservative monosodium glutamate (MSG), found in many foods, can trigger migraines.
Alcohol, especially wine, and drinks high in caffeine can trigger migraines.
Stress at work or at home can cause migraines.
Bright lights and glare of the sun can cause migraines, as can loud sounds. Strong odors, such as perfume, paint thinner, secondhand smoke, and others, can trigger migraines in some people.
CHANGES IN THE VIGILIA-DREAM PATTERN
Lack of sleep or too much sleep can trigger migraines in some people, as can jet lag.
Intense physical exertion, including sexual activity, can lead to migraines.
CHANGES IN THE ENVIRONMENT
A change in climate or barometric pressure can cause a migraine.
Oral contraceptives and vasodilators, such as nitroglycerin, can aggravate migraines.
If you have a family member with migraines, then you have a good chance of developing them as well.
Migraines can start at any age, although the former often occurs during adolescence. Migraines tend to peak over 30 years, and gradually become less severe and less common over the next few decades.
Women are three times more likely to have migraines. Headaches tend to affect boys more than girls during childhood, but at puberty and beyond, more girls are affected.
TREATMENT FOR MIGRAINE
Treatment for migraines depends on how often headaches occur and how long headaches last.
Treatment of acute migraine can range from over-the-counter (OTC) medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, etc.), naproxen sodium (Aleve) to prescription medications.
Narcotic painkillers are not necessarily appropriate for the treatment of migraine headaches and are associated with the phenomenon of rebound headache, in which the headache returns, sometimes more intensely, when narcotics disappear .
In all cases of migraine, the use of acute pain therapies should be closely monitored so that the patient does not develop headache from medication use.
If an individual experiences frequent headaches, or if headaches usually last several days, preventive medications may be indicated. These can be prescribed daily in an effort to decrease the frequency, severity and duration of migraine headaches.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MIGRAINE
Until recently, experts recommended avoiding common migraine triggers. Some factors that cause it can’t be avoided, it’s not always effective. But some of these lifestyle changes and coping strategies can help you reduce the number and severity of your migraines:
TRANSCUTANEOUS SUPRAORBITAL NERVE STIMULATION
This device (Cefaly), similar to a headband with connected electrodes, was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a preventive therapy for migraines. In the research, those who used the device experienced fewer migraines.
LEARN TO FACE IT
Recent research shows that a strategy called learning to cope can help prevent migraines. In this practice, you gradually expose yourself to headache triggers to help you numb it, it can also be combined with cognitive behavioral therapy. More research is needed to better understand effectiveness.
CREATE A CONSISTENT DAILY SCHEDULE
Establish a daily routine with regular sleep patterns and regular meals. Also, try to manage stress.
Regular aerobic exercise reduces tension and can help prevent migraines. If your doctor agrees, choose any aerobic exercise you enjoy, including walking, swimming and biking. However, it should be heated slowly, because sudden and intense exercise can cause headaches.
Regular exercise can also help you lose weight or maintain a healthy body weight, and obesity is thought to be a factor in migraines.
REDUCES THE EFFECTS OF ESTROGEN
If you are a woman who has migraines and estrogens seem to trigger or worsen her headaches, you may want to avoid or reduce the medications she takes that contain estrogen.
I hope you liked our post, and that the advice here, expressed help you to improve, alleviate the discomfort of migraine, if you notice that there is no improvement and you worsen the symptoms, do not forget to go to the specialist doctor.